After over 20 years with the same insulin pump, and the same routine of testing his blood about 10 times a day, my dad recently decided to try a new method of glucose control.  Medtronic's MiniMed with the Enlite glucose sensor recently became FDA approved in the United States.  The sensor is injected into another part of the body and wirelessly connects with the insulin pump to continuously monitor glucose levels without having to constantly test your blood.  It also has some amazing features such as Threshold Suspend Automation, which automatically suspends insulin delivery if blood sugar levels reach a preset low.  I'm really glad that my dad will be getting one of these soon, and I know he is looking forward to having an even easier and more worry-free lifestyle with Type 1.  Check out the MiniMed at   

What is diabetes?


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which a person's pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that enables people to get energy from food.  It occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, called beta cells.  Without insulin, a person is unable to break down carbohydrates/sugars that are found in food.  The carbohydrates/sugars remain in the blood stream and are not converted to energy.  

Although it is slightly different for each person, normally, blood sugar levels should be between 80 and 120 milligrams per deciliter. When a diabetic tests his/her blood, anything significantly above 120 or below 80 requires attention. 

Signs of High Blood Sugar

High blood sugar (or Hyperglycemia) is characterized by:
- Thirst (dehydration)
- Stomach pain
- Nausea
- Drowsiness
- Confusion
- Sweating
Signs of Low Blood Sugar

Low blood sugar (or Hypoglycemia) is characterized by:
- Dizziness
- Personality change/irrational behavior
- Shakiness
- Crying
- Sweating
- Irritability
- Drowsiness
- Inability to concentrate

Glucose Meters


A Glucose Meter is one of the most important tools for a diabetic.  It allows my Dad to test the amount of sugar in his blood just by pricking his finger.  He tries to test his blood sugar almost 10 times a day.   If his blood sugar is high or low, he knows he needs to take steps to correct it.

Check it out!! A glucose meter for the iPhone

Here is the one my Dad uses

Solo Energy Bars


Diabetics can't generally eat foods that are packed with sugar and carbohydrates.  However, my dad recently discovered a brand of energy bars called Solo, that are great for athletes and diabetics.  They taste really good (I tried one) and are also balanced in carbs, fats and proteins.  

These bars come in awesome flavors and can even be an adequate meal supplement for diabetics.  If you are ever going somewhere with a diabetic, these bars are a great and easy thing to carry with you just in case.  

Order them online at

In case of an emergency, you should immediately call 911 or contact a medical professional. 

Short of an emergency, there are many things that you as a kid or teen can do in order to be prepared.  
Whenever you go out of the house with your mom or dad, make sure that they or you are carrying:
  • A blood glucose meter
  • Insulin 
  • Some form of sugar (glucose), which can include juice, Gatorade, soda, fruit or even glucose tablets/gel.